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Cold soldierHeat injuries are a cause of illness, cold injuries have played a major role in the loss of combat efficiency, and fatalities from both heat and cold exposure occur in almost all types of military operations. This section provides awareness of symptoms and management of heat and cold injuries, including valuable information from policies, reports, and guidelines for surviving and performing in hot and cold environments.

Guidelines for Return to Duty (Play) After Heat Illness: A Military Perspective [PDF]
Learn how to determine if it is safe to return to play/duty after a heat injury—as well as the standards and guidelines for Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marines—in this 2007 article in the Journal of Sport Rehabilitation.
Heat Acclimatization Guide—Ranger/Airborne Students [PDF]
This brochure provides a very brief overview of heat acclimatization and strategies to become heat acclimatized.
Heat Injury Prevention & Sun Safety
This United States Army Public Health Command web page has information on how to avoid, recognize, and treat heat injuries and overexposure to sunlight. Separate pages go into detail about Heat Injury Prevention and Sun Safety, with links to additional documents and videos.
Heat injury Prevention II [Video]
This prevention and treatment video provides army instructors, drill sergeants, commanders, and staff at all levels with the latest information on detecting early signs of heat-related injuries and recognizing the types of heat injury and their treatment.
Heat Stress Control & Heat Casualty Management [PDF]
This document provides guidance to military and civilian healthcare providers and allied medical personnel to understand the diagnosis and treatment of heat illness, the pathophysiologic responses and adaptation to heat, implement procedures for managing stress, and much more.
How can heat acclimatization prevent heat illness?
Heat-related injuries are significant threats to the health and operational effectiveness of military members and their units.
Identification of Risk Factors for Exertional Heat Illness [PDF]
Read this commentary on the links between genetic factors and the risk for exertional heat illness.
Maintaining performance in high temperature environments
Journal articles from the MEDLINE database.
Medical Fact Sheet on Sunlight and Skin Cancer Risks [PDF]
Most Warfighters spend a considerable amount of time outdoors and under the sun. This USACHPPM publication provides tips on protection to help avoid the overexposure to sunlight that can lead to skin cancer, which is on the rise and can be fatal.
Over-hydration: too much water hurts
Drinking too much—water?
TB MED 507: Heat Stress Control and Heat Casualty Management [PDF]
Learn more about heat illness and heat injury in this 2003 technical bulletin on heat stress control and heat casualty management from USARIEM.
USACHPPM/USARIEM Heat Injury Prevention Resources
USACHPPM and the US Army Research Institute for Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) have developed valuable heat injury prevention resources, including useful posters, videos, and pocket guides.
What IS "heat illness"?
Heat illness can vary from minor symptoms to life threatening conditions. Know the progression of signs and symptoms to prevent serious injury when exercising or performing in hot environments.